Grab our best-selling pharmacology coloring book!

November 11, 2022

Anion Gap Acidosis -

Mind the Gap- HAGMA

Anion Gap Acidosis -
โญ๏ธ High anion gap metabolic acidosis (HAGMA) occurs when the body produces too much acid, or when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body.โ 
โ 
๐Ÿ’Š Several drugs and toxins have been implicated as direct or indirect causes of HAGMA. The three most common ones to consider are methanol, ethylene glycol and salicylates.โ 
โ 
๐ŸŒฌ๏ธ Symptoms are generally non-specific, with dyspnea being common secondary to stimulation of the central respiratory center. Screening for toxic ingestions, including over-ingestion of aspirin and acetaminophen, is important. โ 
โ 
๐ŸŒŸ Additionally, screening for features suggestive of diabetes (e.g., polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia) or renal failure (e.g., nocturia, pruritus, anorexia) is essential.โ 
โ 
๐ŸŒŸ Primary treatment of high anion gap metabolic acidosis requires correction of the underlying cause

Mind the Gap- HAGMA Read More ยป

Antiretrovirals

Antiretrovirals

Antiretrovirals

โญ This is a great way to remember the names of antiretrovirals โญ Antiretroviral medications are used to treat HIV by blocking different stages of the virus’s life cycle (e.g., blocking entry into the host’s CD4 lymphocyte, inhibiting viral DNA from replicating, etc.)โ  โ ๐Ÿ˜– However, learning the names of antiretroviral medications is horribly difficult. There are lots of drugs, with a dizzying array of names, abbreviations, and combination tablets.โ  Hopefully, this will help you not to completely BLANK on which drug belongs to which type of antiretroviral! ๐Ÿค“

โ 

Antiretrovirals Read More ยป