Mind the Gap- HAGMA
⭐️ High anion gap metabolic acidosis (HAGMA) occurs when the body produces too much acid, or when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body.
💊 Several drugs and toxins have been implicated as direct or indirect causes of HAGMA. The three most common ones to consider are methanol, ethylene glycol and salicylates.
🌬️ Symptoms are generally non-specific, with dyspnea being common secondary to stimulation of the central respiratory center. Screening for toxic ingestions, including over-ingestion of aspirin and acetaminophen, is important.
🌟 Additionally, screening for features suggestive of diabetes (e.g., polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia) or renal failure (e.g., nocturia, pruritus, anorexia) is essential.
🌟 Primary treatment of high anion gap metabolic acidosis requires correction of the underlying cause